I am always rhapsodizing on the benefits of CFQUERYPARAM. But what if you needed to not use CFQUERYPARAM? Is it possible to get the benefits of the tag without actually needing to USE the tag? Why yes it is! In order to explain let's look under the covers of how an SQL statement is prepared when you use binding. How about a little lesson from Classis ASP?Read More
No I'm not talking about dead man walking. I'm talking about your database execution plan. I want to give fair warning to all of you Microsoft haters out there (and you know who you are) that I'm going to use lingo from Microsoft SQL Server 2000. It's a ubiquitous and full-featured database with good documentation regarding this subject. Much of what is said here applies to other databases as well (no doubt using different lingo). So please, feel free to post comments of how Oracle or MySQL or PostgreSQL or Interbase or your flat file - all have a great way of doing this. But please don't post about how your favorite DB is so great and Microsoft is the spawn of Satan. That's not helpful and it's makes me want to poke out my eye with an ice pick! Whew! Now that that's out of the way.
The database execution plan is the series of steps that a database takes to deliver a particular query or task. These steps are cached on the DB server. When you run a query it looks in the cache for a plan that matches. If it finds one, it uses it. If not, it creates a new one. Why is this important? Because the more often your DB Server finds a matching plan in the cache, the better it performs. In fact, it can run significantly faster when it is not tasked with constantly building execution plans from scratch. Here's the rub, much of the query code written in Coldfusion requires the RDBMS to compile a new execution plan. Here's why.Read More
I was reminded of this very humorous incident recently while chatting with some friends. A very good friend of mine who was a novice web programmer was just beginning to stretch his wings using Coldfuion and SQL. The site he was working on (which shall remain nameless) used an Interbase DB server. My friend Bob (let's call him Bob) was interested in tracking page views for some news stories and articles he was writing. He created a new table with a few columns and wrote to it with each request - logging the page id, news story and IP address. It seemed to work splendidly... at least for a while....Read More
Macromedia added "connectionless" DSN's in CF 5, then took them away again in CFMX. This much lamented feature was useful in certain instances. One of my favorites was for data export. For one of our e-commerce sites suppliers wanted a daily Access file for orders. We created an export process that copied an Access template to a new location (an Access db with the tables needed). Then we created an ODBC connection to it using the "connectionstring" attribute of CFQUERY and ran an insert routine to copy in the orders. The file was then zipped and automatically emailed to the supplier for drop shipment. In the words of Jimmy Neutron's Dad, "Now you gotta admit that's pretty neat!".
In CFMX however the connectionstring attribute is gone. This is because the system no longer interacts directly through ODBC. Instead it uses JDBC as the data access layer. That's a very good thing. We have had great results with speed and reliability through JDBC. It does put a crimp in our data export plan however. Fortunately there's a work-around. It's not perfect, but it works pretty well.Read More
There's a tricky nuance that you must take into account when you make schema changes in MS SQL. When we discovered the following behavior I looked to see if I could find it blogged or documented somewhere. Failing that, I thought someone else out there might benefit from hearing about this issue. You might run into problems if you are dealing with the following conditions:
(reprinted from a previous blog)
Here's the dilemma. Let's say you have a log table where each row is a record of some action taken by a user. Perhaps the user logs in, updates his profile, searches for products and makes purchase. The table has the following fields:
One of the most common things I see when looking at code I'm trying to optimize is a missunderstanding of how to effectively utilize SQL and a good database platform. Nothing illustrates this more effectively than the constant use of the "maxrow" attribute for a <cfquery> or a <cfoutput> statement. In many cases the TOP keyword should be used instead. Let me Explain...Read More
We were recently tasked with troubleshooting a sick system that consisted of a CF 4.5 server connected to an HPe3000. The HPe3000 is a legacy system (as is CF 4.5) with data stored in a native image file system. Data is keyed, queued and cached for retrieval according to a schema. In the case of CF 4.5 we were using an ODBC driver that made the data look like more typical tables.
This entry describes the problem and our efforts. I would like to acknowledge Michael Gueterman of Easy Does It Technologies for providing many useful ideas and directions to help our effort. He sent me at least 3 lengthy emails with extra insight into the HPe3000 and answers to my questions. We made a great deal of progress based on his advice. If you have an interest in troubleshooting or CF with HP, read on..Read More