ColdFusion Muse

My Funny Val()entine and SQLi

Mark Kruger June 15, 2009 2:30 PM ColdFusion, Coldfusion Security Comments (3)

Regular readers know I'm always on the lookout for interesting issues regarding SQL Injection and ColdFusion. This year has been a banner year for injection on ColdFusion sites and if you are not on the Cfqueryparam bandwagon yet I have one more example of a code that might seem to be inoculated but is not. It has to do with the use of val( )....

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Cfinclude for Good or Evil

Mark Kruger May 14, 2009 11:23 AM ColdFusion, Coldfusion Security Comments (6)

Yesterday I was doing some searches on a sick server to troubleshoot the Iframe Injection issue. A user had posted some additional information regarding a file that appeared on his server that had this issue. The file was named "fection.cfm" so we now know the hacker casually removes his prefixes (or I should say 'emoves his 'efixes). I began my search by looking for the file specifically, then moved on to look for the string "cfexecute" in all of the *.cfm files. But that got me thinking. A clever hacker might know some things about ColdFusion. He could in fact, further obscure his code with some knowledge of cfinclude and IIS. Such a technique can be used to secure your code as well. You can create code that is only runnable by ColdFusion using cfinclude. Here's the skinny.

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ISAPIRewrite or Mod_Rewrite Rules

Mark Kruger August 8, 2008 4:29 PM Coldfusion Security Comments (11)

For those of you interested in stopping the SQLi attack before it even hits your ColdFusion server, you might try these rewrite rules are from the CF-Linux email list (run by House of Fusion). They were provided by list member Mike Chytracek and forwarded to me by Linux CFG Ryan Stille. These rules are for for use with Helicon's ISAPI Rewrite filter, but with very little tweaking these rules aught to work for Apache Mod_rewrite as well.

# Helicon ISAPI_Rewrite configuration file
# Version
RewriteEngine On
RewriteCompatibility2 On
RepeatLimit 20
# unsupported directive: [ISAPI_Rewrite]
# CacheClockRate 300
RewriteRule ^.*DECLARE%20.*$ [NC]
RewriteRule ^.*NVARCHAR.*$ [NC]
RewriteRule ^.*sp_password.*$
[NC] RewriteRule ^.*%20xp_.*$ [NC]
RewriteRule ^.*EXEC\(@.*$ [NC]
RewriteRule ^.*%20@.*$ [NC]

Please note that these rules will actually redirect the request to the governments cybercrime website. That's going to freak a few folks out if you end up with any fals positives :)

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SQLi Attack on the Rise (Film at 11:00)

Mark Kruger August 8, 2008 1:30 PM Coldfusion Security Comments (8)

Unless you have had your head in the sand (those of you on your honeymoon are excused) you know that the ColdFusion world has been awash in SQL Injection attacks over the last month. Anecdotally I am seeing a significant increase in attacks this week - about 15 times what they were a few days ago. Michael Dinowitz reports that house of fusion was receiving 4000 attacks in 5 minutes (that's nearly 50 thousand an hour). Brad Wood reports no less 90 request per second. The suspicion is that the attack is driven by searching Google for sites with ".cfm" pages. That means the more successful that you are at search engine optimization the more likely you are to be targeted. Conversely if you don't have a good number of pages ranked then you are probably then you will see fewer attacks.

It seems these attacks are orchestrated using infected computers throughout the internet. Some effort is underway to collect IP addresses to see if a pattern emerges. I suspect that approach will not yield fruit, but I still applaud the effort. We (CF Webtools) are continuing to assist customers in any way we can - everything from wholesale changes to sites, to blacklist techniques to friendly advice over the phone. As these attacks accelerate they become more like Denial of Service attacks than anything else. Even if you are binding all your variables and you have great controls you will still have to deal with a bombardment of thousands of requests against your CF pages. I recommend that you use one of the many blacklist techniques out there - at least temporarily. Some folks have started out sending emails alerts when these attacks are underway but quickly discovered that the volume of email can be pretty hefty. I recommend just killing the request - abort it at the top of your application prior to the application being instantiated. Then at least you have kept it from filling up your error log. Meanwhile this round of attacks has had the positive affect of causing folks to suddenly pay attention to a great deal of vulnerable code. Here's another silver lining you may not have considered...

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Ask-a-Muse: How Can Cfqueryparam Protect Me?

Mark Kruger July 28, 2008 7:19 PM Coldfusion Security Comments (5)

Muse Reader Asks:
If you want to allow someone to search your site by keyword, how do you protect against an SQL injection? CFqueryParam is great if testing for an integer, but what about for a string? Surely there's got to be a way to do it since all kinds of sites let you perform keyword searches. Thanks!

Whoa... slow down there. Do my ears deceive me? Did my reader just indicate that he (or she) thinks that cfqueryparam "tests" for a string? I hate to break it to you, but the purpose of Cfqueryparam is not to insure that the value passed into the tag is one thing or another. The validation that occurs is more of a by-product of binding. Sure, the tag will error out when you try to pass "abc" instead of "123" to a param of the "integer" type, but that is a result of type binding. It's simply trying to bind variables of type for the driver to use, so naturally it errors out. But pass in a decimal like 123.123 and it says "okey dokey - that will work". Testing to see what a form element contains is the job of the developer, not the job of a magic box tag.

But to answer your question more specifically, cfqueryparam will protect you from those malicious hack attempts anyway - even if the attack is passed to the database. Let's examine a working case and see if we can figure out what is happening.

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A Better Blacklist Function for SQLi

Mark Kruger July 28, 2008 10:29 AM Coldfusion Security Comments (15)

Please note - I have not changed my stance on the use of CFQUERYPARAM. The real "fix" for injection is validation routines for form inputs and binding variables using Cfqueryparam. A blacklist function (a function that checks for "known bad" input) is useful in that it provides protection on the perimeter. It can help you intercept hack attempts before they reach your DB - where presumably they would fail in any case. They are also useful for thwarting immediate threats if you discover a security flaw that might take some time to fix. The recent spate of attacks caused a proliferation of blacklist techniques from simple to complex. In my own post on the vulnerability of using string concatenated SQL I published a snippet that made use of the iSQLInject function from CF Lib. There is a better approach however.

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Adding Cfqueryparams to a Legacy Site Without Losing Your Hair

So you got hit with the latest SQLi attack eh? SQLi is the hip acronym for "sql injection" that fancy pants security people use. You've put in some stop gap measures and now you are slogging through 3000 queries trying to add cfqueryparam to everything. It's a laborious task to be sure. Here are some special tips from the muse that might help shorten it.

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SQL Injection Part III - Don't Forget Sorting

Mark Kruger July 21, 2008 12:53 PM Coldfusion Security Comments (18)

So... you have diligently added CFQUERYPARAM to every input variable. Your database is secure and safe from SQL Injection - right? Well... maybe not. Did you remember to account for the ORDER BY Clause? Let me explain.

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